George Washington Knight and the Populist Party

George Washington Knight was born September 8, 1845 in Lowndes County, GA.  His parents were Ann Sloan and Aaron Knight (1813-1887), brother of Levi J. Knight.

At age 16, on  July 3, 1862, George W. Knight enlisted as a Private  in Company E, 54th Regiment, Georgia Volunteer Infantry.  His  unit fought all over Georgia; at Dug Gap, Kennesaw Mountain, and Atlanta, and other battle locales.  Matthew Hodge Albritton, James Baskin, William Gaskins, Samuel Guthrie, William J. Lamb, Jeremiah May, Rufus Ray, and Samuel Sanders, among other Berrien countians, also served in this Company.  On April 20-21, 1865, two weeks after Lee’s surrender at Appomattox, the 54th Georgia Volunteers, under the command of General Howell Cobb, joined in the last defense of Macon.

George Washington Knight surrendered as a corporal with Company E, 54th Infantry Regiment Georgia on May 10,  1865 at Tallahassee, FL.

On Sept 20, 1865 George W. Knight married Rhoda Futch, a daughter of John M. Futch. She was born October 31, 1846; died January 4, 1909.  At first, the newlyweds made their home on a farm owned by George’s father.  But within a few months George bought a farm on Ten Mile Bay near Empire Church, about five miles northeast of the site of Ray’s Mill. George and Rhoda resided on this farm the rest of their lives.

Rhoda Futch and George Washington Knight

Rhoda Futch and George Washington Knight

“In 1892 Georgia politics was shaken by the arrival of the Populist Party. Led by the brilliant orator Thomas E. Watson this  new party mainly appealed to white farmers, many of whom had been impoverished by debt and low cotton prices in the 1880s and 1890s.”   Georgia farmers were being driven into ruin by the combination of falling cotton prices and rising railroad freight taxes .  Populism attracted followers in all of the southern states, but it was especially strong in Georgia.

Populist Party 1892 Campaign Buttons.  Campaign buttons for the Populist Party candidate, James B.Weaver, in the presidential election of 1892.

Populist Party 1892 Campaign Buttons. Campaign buttons for the Populist Party candidate, James B.Weaver, in the presidential election of 1892.

The Populist Party ran a candidate for president, as well as candidates for Congress, Governor of Georgia, and the Georgia Assembly.

George Washington Knight was the Populist party’s candidate for Georgia state senator of the Sixth District in 1894, but was defeated.

The platform of the Populist movement called for financial policies to drive up the price of cotton, banking reform, government ownership of the railroads, direct election of senators, and an agricultural loan program, known as the Sub-Treasury Plan,  which would help farmers get the best prices for their crops.

“Realizing that the white vote would probably split between the Populist and Democratic parties, the Populists—and Tom Watson in particular—tried to gain the support of African Americans. Although never calling for social equality, they invited two black delegates to their state convention in 1892 and appointed a black man to the state campaign committee in 1894. They also demanded an end to the convict lease system, a program by which the state leased its prisoners to private mining companies. Work in the mines was dangerous, conditions were brutal, and most of the prisoners were black. Democrats quickly accused the Populists of allying with former slaves. Such racist claims drove many whites from the People’s Party movement, and the contest was marked by fistfights, shootings, and several murders.”

On election day, the Democratic party triumphed over the Populists in the races for the top offices. But the Georgia elections of 1892 and 1894 that kept the Populists out of state offices were marked by blatant corruption.  In 1894 ballot boxes in many Georgia counties were stuffed with more votes than there were voters.

When the Populist ran a presidential candidate in the election of 1896, it split the democratic vote giving the national election to the William McKinley and the Republicans. At the state level, the Populists lost the gubernatorial race to the Democrats. After the defeat of 1896, white Populists slowly drifted back to the Democratic Party, although many of the Populist issues continued in Georgia politics. The Populist Party had never convincingly embraced African-American voters,  who quickly returned to the Republican party.  The Populist party was not always acceptable to the Primitive Baptists of the Wiregrass, either.  In November, 1892, for instance, in Empire Church near Rays Mill (Now Ray City), GA charges were preferred against Hardeman Sirmans “for voting the Populist ticket in the preceding General Election.” 

In later years, George Washington Knight returned to the Democratic party.

He died 8 Feb 1913 in Lakeland, Berrien, Georgia. Rhoda Futch and George Washington Knight are buried at Empire Church, Lanier county, GA.

Rhoda Futch and George Washington Knight, Empire Cemetery, Lanier County, GA

Rhoda Futch and George Washington Knight, Empire Cemetery, Lanier County, GA

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  1. James River said,

    December 14, 2011 at 6:55 am

    If someone has a minute, I was wondering if someone could let me know if the Empire Church was still active and if so, do they still have their old church records? I have been to the cemetery and church building several times while visiting the area because my mother’s family is from the area. She was a Knight and granddaughter of William A. Knight through Aaron m Sloan. I am attempting to find her grandmother’s family line and of course I am a little confused. Specifically, resting at the Empire is her grandparents John Kirkland and Sarah Kirkland. Also there is a grandmother Patsey Sirmon (1787) Amazing and bless her family for her headstone! Please feel free to let me know!

  2. Charlene Zeigler Taylor said,

    May 10, 2012 at 10:08 pm

    I don’t know if Empire is still active. I do hope that it is. I have been to the cemetery numerous times, and it seems I find something new each time that I didn’t see before. I descend from this George Washington & Rhoda Futch Knight. They were my great great great great grandparents. Their daughter Nancy married Moses Greyson Sirmons. Moses and Nancy Sirmons had Eliza Jane. Eliza Jane Sirmons married Ancil Boyd. They had John David.

  3. James River said,

    May 14, 2012 at 7:04 am

    I wish the BC History would have a family reunion over the summer. I know it is hot but some of us work…love to go there and meet everyone.

  4. Charlene Zeigler Taylor said,

    May 19, 2012 at 11:17 am

    That would be interesting!! 🙂

  5. Comer Dean Rowan said,

    July 30, 2012 at 12:32 pm

    Thanks for the link to this page, CZT, are your Taylors related to Elijah and Fannie (Knight) Rowan? I’m descended from GW and Rhoda through Phoebe America m, James Henry Rowan, Elijah’s brother. Two of their older brothers married two of GW’s (half) sisters.

    JR, we have a Jimmy and Phoebe reunion on the first Saturday in May every year, recently At Riverside Missionary Baptist in Nashville. I would be glad to forward you an invitation, we always love to meet a cousin!

  6. Comer Dean Rowan said,

    July 30, 2012 at 12:40 pm

    To clarify: the invitation is to both of you!

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